Important Dates in Astronomy: A Timeline (November)

November

Nov 1
1585 - Jan Brozek, Polish astronomer, was born
1953 - Jan Davis, American astronaut, was born
1963 - The Arecibo Observatory (in Puerto Rico), with the largest radio telescope ever constructed, was officially launched

Nov 2
1885 - Harlow Shapley, American astronomer, was born
2000 - The first resident crew to the ISS docked with their Soyuz TM-31 spacecraft

Sputnik rocket (Image credit: Wikipedia)
Nov 3
1643 - John Bainbridge, English astronomer, died this day
1643 - Paul Guldin, Swiss astronomer, died this day
1930 - Bill Dana, American astronaut, was born
1930 - Tsutomu Seki, Japanese astronomer, was born
1957 - The Soviet Union launches Sputnik 2 with the first animal, a dog named Laika, on board to orbit the Earth.
1973 - NASA launches Mariner 10 to Mercury. It became the first space probe to reach Mercury.

Nov 5
1906 - Fred Lawrence Whipple, American astronomer, was born
1961 - Alan G. Poindexter, American astronaut, was born
2007 - China's first lunar satellite, Chang'e 1, goes into orbit around the Moon
2013 - India launches the Mars Orbiter Mission, its first interplanetary probe

Nov 6
1656 - Jean-Baptiste Morin, French astronomer, died this day
1771 - John Bevis, English astronomer, died this day

Nov 7
1492 - The Ensisheim meteorite strikes Earth outside the village of Ensisheim near Alsace in France. It's the oldest meteorite with a known date of impact
1915 - Philip Morrison, American astrophysicist, was born

Nov 8
1656 - Edmond Halley, English astronomer, was born
1947 - Margaret Rhea Seddon, American astronaut, was born
1948 - Dale Gardner, American astronaut, was born
2009 - Vitaly Ginzburg, Russian astrophysicist and Nobel Prize laureate, died this day
2011 - The asteroid, 2005 YU55, passes 0.85 lunar distances from Earth, the closest known approach by an asteroid since 1976.

Nov 9
1934 - Carl Sagan, American astronomer, astrophysicist and cosmologist was born
1967 - NASA launches the unmanned Apollo 4 test spacecraft atop the first Saturn V rocket
2005 - The Venus Express mission of the European Space Agency is launched

Nov 10
1565 - Laurentius Paulinus Gothus, Swedish astronomer, was born
1695 - John Bevis, English astronomer, was born
1933 - Ronald Evans, American astronaut, was born
1935 - Igor Dmitriyevich Novikov, Russian astronomer and cosmologist, was born
1970 - Soviet lunar probe Lunokhod 1 was launched

Nov 11
1914 - James Gilbert Baker, American astronomer, was born

Nov 12
1793 - Jean Sylvain Bailly, French astronomer and the 1st mayor of Paris, died this day
1916 - Percival Lowell, American astronomer, died this day
1937 - Richard H. Truly, american astronaut, was born
1981 - This was the first time a manned spacecraft, Space Shuttle Columbia, was launched into space for the second time.
2013 - Konrad Rudnicki, Polish astronomer, died this day
2013 - Aleksandr Serebrov, Russian astronaut, died this day
2014 - The Philae Lander lands on the surface of Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko

Nov 13
2010 - Allan Sandage, American astronomer, died this day

Nov 14
1930 - Edward Higgins White, American astronaut, was born
1933 - Fred Haise, American astronaut, was born
1969 - Apollo 12, the second manned spacecraft to moon, was launched from Kennedy Space Center
2003 - 90377 Sedna, a Trans-Neptunian object, was discovered

Nov 15
1630 - Johannes Kepler, German astronomer, died this day
1738 - William Herschel, German-English astronomer, was born
1967 - Michael J. Adams, American astronaut, died this day
1988 - The unmanned Shuttle Buran makes its only space flight
1990 - Space Shuttle Atlantis makes its 7th flight

Nov 16
1852 - Asteroid 22 Kalliope was discovered by John Russell Hind.
1965 - The Soviet Union launches Venera 3 space probe to Venus, which would have become the first spacecraft to land on the surface of another planet.
1973 - NASA launches Skylab 4 with a crew of 3 astronauts from the Kennedy Space Center in Florida.

Nov 17
1776 - James Ferguson, English astronomer, died this day
1790 - August Ferdinand Mobius, German astronomer, was born
1970 - The Soviet Union lands Lunokhod 1 on the moon. This is the first roving remote-controlled robot to land on another world.

Nov 18
1923 - Alan Shepard, American astronaut, was born
2010 - Brian G. Marsden, English astronomer, died this day
2013 - NASA launches the MAVEN probe to Mars

Nov 19
1711 - Mikhail Lomonosov, Russian astronomer, was born
1881 - A meteorite lands near the village Grossliebenthal in Ukraine
1956 - Eileen Collins, American astronaut, was born
1969 - Apollo 12 landed on moon. This was the second manned spacecraft to land on moon.

Nov 20
1889 - Edwin Hubble, American astronomer and cosmologist, was born
1934 - Willem de Sitter, Dutch astronomer, died this day
1998 - The first module of the International Space Station, Zarya, is launched

Nov 21
1652 - Jan Brozek, Polish astronomer, died this day
1933 - Henry Hartsfield, American astronaut, was born

Nov 22
1897 - Paul Oswald Ahnert, German astronomer, was born
1942 - Guion Bluford, American astronaut, was born

Nov 23
1715 - Pierre Charles Le Monnier, French astronomer, was born
1924 - Edwin Hubble shows that Andromeda is actually a galaxy and not a nebula in the galaxy. He also shows that Milky Way Galaxy is one of many such galaxies in the universe. This was published in a newspaper.

Nov 24
1969 - Apollo 12 had a successful splashdown in the Pacific Ocean, ending the second manned mission to land on moon

Nov 25
1694 - Ismael Bullialdus, French astronomer, died this day
1703 - Jean-Francois Seguier, French astronomer, was born
1940 - Reinhard Furrer, Austrian astronaut, was born

Nov 26
1678 - Jean-Jacques d'Ortous de Mairan, French astronomer, was born
1937 - Boris Yegorov, Russian astronaut, was born

Nov 27
1701 - Anders Celsius, Swedish astronomer, was born
1875 - Richard Christopher Carrington, English astronomer, died this day
1952 - Jim Wetherbee, American astronaut, was born
1971 - The Soviet's space program's Mars 2 orbiter releases a descent module but it malfunctions and carshes. However, it became the first man-made object to reach the surface of Mars.

Nov 28
1700 - Nathaniel Bliss, English astronomer, was born
1872 - Mary Somerville, Scottish-Italian astronomer, died this day
1950 - Russell Alan Hulse, American astronomer, was born
1951 - Barbara Morgan, American astronaut, was born
1964 - NASA launches Mariner 4 probe towards Mars.

Nov 29
1646 - Laurentius Paulinus Gothus, Swedish astronomer, died this day
1961 - A chimpanzee was launched into space in Enos spacecraft. It orbited the Earth twice before splashing down off the coast of Puerto Rico.
1965 - The Canadian Space Agency launches the satellite Alouette 2

Nov 30
3340 BC - First record of a Solar eclipse
1761 - John Dollond, English astronomer, died this day

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Updated: 16 November 2014

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